Dr. Michel Aliani, Nutritional Metabolomics Research, Canadian Centre for Agri-food Research in Health and Medicine, has co-edited the book Bitterness – Perception, Chemistry and Food Processing (Wiley). The book was edited with Dr. Michael Eskin, a professor in the Department of Human Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences, University of Manitoba.
The increasing demand for healthy foods has resulted in the food industry developing functional foods with health-promoting and/or disease preventing properties. However, many of these products bring new challenges. While drugs are taken for their efficacy, functional foods need to have tastes that are acceptable to consumers. Bitterness associated with the functional foods is one of the major challenges encountered by food industry today and will remain so in years to come. This important book offers a thorough understanding of bitterness, the food ingredients that cause it and its accurate measurement.
The authors provide a thorough review of bitterness that includes an understanding of the genetics of bitterness perception and the molecular basis for individual differences in bitterness perception. This is followed by a detailed review of the chemical structure of bitter compounds in foods where bitterness may be considered to be a positive or negative attribute. To better understand bitterness in foods, separation and analytical techniques used to identify and characterize bitter compounds are also covered. Food processing can itself generate compounds that are bitter, such as the Maillard reaction and lipid oxidation related products. Since bitterness is considered a negative attribute in many foods, the methods being used to remove and/mask it are also thoroughly discussed.
About the Authors:
Michel Aliani is also Associate Professor and Director of sensory research studies in the Human Nutritional Sciences department at the University of Manitoba, Canada. Dr. Aliani has expertise in flavor chemistry and mass spectrometry systems, and is interested in flavouromics, studies of functional foods which are destined to nutritional interventions and, in metabolomics, studies of biological fluids after ingestion of functional foods.
Michael N. A. Eskin is Professor in the Department of Human Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences, University of Manitoba, Canada. Dr. Eskin has published over 120 research papers, 50 chapters and 13 books. He is the recipient of a number of awards, including the 2012 IFT Stephen S. Chang Award and the Alton S. Bailey Medal Award by the American Oil Chemists’ Society for his research in lipids. In 2016, he received the Order of Canada for his pioneering research which contributed to the success of the Canadian canola industry. Dr. Eskin is also a fellow of IFT, The American Oil Chemists’ Society, Canadian Institute of Food Science and Technology, and Institute of Food Science and Technology in the UK. He is a co-editor of Lipid Technology.