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Clinical Research

Bringing Discoveries to the "Bedside"

Dr. Annette Schultz

Dr. Annette Schultz

Principal Investigator
Psychosocial Oncology and Cancer Nursing Research

Associate Professor
College of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Manitoba

Research Focus

Dr. Schultz is a Canadian researcher who explores health services and policy contexts in relation to health priorities. While individual behaviors play a role in health status, health service systems and polices also play a dynamic role in health status. An emerging research focus for me is First Nation People’s heart health (CIHR funded: 2014-2018), where I integrate two-eyed seeing and decolonizing methodologies. As well, for over 10 years I have explored tobacco use issues, management, and control in the context of health care services and policies. Within the area of tobacco use, I have focused on smoke free grounds policies in acute care settings, management of tobacco dependence within acute care, youth susceptibility for future smoking, and health equity and social justice issues. While I am active in both research areas, my primary focus will increasingly shift towards First Nation People’s health. I commonly integrate a variety of research approaches within a study and have considerable experience with mix-methods approaches.

About Dr. Annette Schultz

Dr. Schultz is an Associate Professor at the University of Manitoba, with the College of Nursing in the Faculty of Health Sciences. Her nursing career spans three decades and includes working in direct pediatric patient care positions, policy research with the College of Registered Nurses in BC, and research focused on health care services and policies specific to tobacco use and First Nation People’s Health. She completed her Masters’ of nursing education at the University of Victoria (1999) and her PhD from the University of British Columbia (2005). Through her masters’ education she completed a co-op term with the Ministry of Health in British Columbia. During her graduate education she was awarded several national fellowship awards, including a CIHR Research Fellowship (2003-05) with the Health Services and Policy Institute.

Dr. Schultz’s program of research focuses on health services and policy context as entry points to explore First Nation People’s health and tobacco use issues. As a Canadian academic researcher since 2005, she has productively lead several national teams of investigators, policy-makers and practitioners; and a Mentor with the CIHR Strategic Training Program in Population Intervention for Chronic Disease Prevention: A Pan-Canadian Program.

For more information, please contact:

Dr. Annette Schultz
Asper Clinical Research Institute: Room CR3022
369 Tache Avenue, Winnipeg, MB R2H 2A6
Tel. (204) 258-1311
Fax. (204) 233-7214
E-mail. annette_schultz@umanitoba.ca

OR

Helen Glass Centre for Nursing: Room 487
89 Curry Place, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg MB R3T 2N2
Tel. (204) 474-6351
Fax. (204) 474-7240

In Detail

Decolonizing Health Services and Action Policy Research Areas

First Nation People’s Health

Diversifying our Ways of Understanding Heart Health among First Nations People in Manitoba: A Mixed Methods Study Governed by a “Two-Eyed Seeing” Approach

In Canada, heart health trends suggest difference in health between First Nations People and other Canadians. The number of First Nations People with heart disease is higher, the age at which heart diseases are diagnosed is younger, and their post heart attack health is worse. While high rates of cardiovascular risk factors play a role, difference is treatment trends also plays a factor. Yet the evidence available influences our understanding of health difference and guides how to address it. Since health topics are commonly known through a western scientific and/or biomedical worldview, the evidence tends to focus on physical symptoms, health interventions, and individual blaming for lifestyle choices. The dominance of a biomedical perspective is often privileged at the expense of silencing and delegitimizing alternative ways of knowing; such as Indigenous knowledge and evidence of historical and colonizing factors influencing health. Sustaining this privilege of western science and biomedicine is unlikely to diminish health burdens and arguably will serve to increase inequities. The purpose of this four year sequential mixed methods study, governed by Two-Eyed Seeing and Decolonizing methodologies, is to generate evidence that diversifies how we understand Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) burden and inequities among Manitoban First Nation People.

The research objectives are:

  • Identify CAD burden and health outcome inequities between Status First Nation People and all other Manitobans by analysis of person-level data of health services use held in the Population Health research Data Repository at the Manitoba Centre for Health Policy;
  • Explore biomedical and traditional Indigenous healthcare experiences of First Nation People and Elders specific to heart health, and identify historical and current contextual root causes underlying these experiences.

Findings will provide unique insights and perspectives on a growing health inequity to diversify our evidence-base concerning heart health of First Nation Peoples in Manitoba and Canada. Community-engaged approaches involving First Nation and non-First Nation community members have informed this study and will enhance transferability of knowledge for various stakeholder communities: First Nation Peoples, healthcare policy and practice, and academic researchers.

Development of the above grant was supported through a CIHR Planning Grant; see link below for a brief report of planning meetings held.

Planning Meeting Report (PDF)

Tobacco Use, Management and Control

Exploring Smoke Free Hospital Grounds Policies

Smoke-free hospital grounds policies are a reality in Canada. While the policy commonly is articulated to be a protection and denormalizing strategy, cessation support is an anticipated outcome. Cessation support for patients and staff tend to be mentioned in policy documents; however, evidence from three studies suggests cessation support has not always been realized. Integration of stronger restriction and protection policies on acute care units requires increased efforts to address abstinence and treat nicotine withdrawal, as alternative option to solely focusing on cessation outcomes. Dr. Schultz has lead three studies involving six Canadian hospitals across 3 provinces.

The two “ETS” (Exploring Tobacco Use Management in Smoke-Free Grounds Hospitals) ethnographic studies aimed to explore the experiences of tobacco use management on adult in-patient wards post-implementation of a smoke-free hospital grounds policies. Adult in-patient wards included are: cardiac, respiratory, surgery, rehabilitation, orthopedics, trauma, transplantation, and psychiatry. Perspectives of patients, healthcare providers, support staff, as well as policy-makers were gathered during the two studies. Research team members come from the University of Manitoba, the University of Alberta, University of Saskatoon, Alberta Health Services, and the Winnipeg Regional Health Authority. The projects reveal evidence of a variety of entrenched beliefs about tobacco use in acute care settings in general, along with comparable evidence within psychiatric contexts. New insights regarding tobacco use, adult acute health care services, health providers’ attitudes and beliefs, along with perspectives from patients who are smokers and non-smokers were realized from these studies. See links below for reports from these studies, and my list of publications for related articles.

For more information click on the link:

The ETS Project Brief Report: Exploring the shifting culture surrounding tobacco use
The ETS Project: Enforcement and Compliance Report
The ETS Project Brief Report: Exploring Smoke-Free Grounds Policies within Adult Psychiatric Hospital Units

The U-MAT (Utilizing best practices to Manage Acute care patients Tobacco Dependency) was a demonstration project focused on the implementation of an evidence-based practice protocol and tools designed to support healthcare staff in treating nicotine withdrawal symptoms with patients admitted to an acute care ward. A longitudinal case study approach investigated the uptake of a multi-component evidence-based nicotine withdrawal treatment intervention on an acute care 25 bed unit specializing in vascular, urology and plastic adult surgeries; study period May 2013 to May 2014. Data collection included patient and staff experiences, and chart audits; findings from each data source suggest improvements over the year. Additional result details and manuscripts are forthcoming early 2105.

Health Professional Education

In 2001 nine Canadian health professional groups demonstrated a rare collaboration in the joint publication of a position statement about tobacco use and dependence, which documented the importance of preparing entry level health professionals to address tobacco use and dependence. Since this time, the education of health professionals to address tobacco use and dependence has been endorsed globally. Research evidence suggests that patients anticipate their tobacco use will be addressed during health visits. Consistent messages from health professionals about tobacco use would increase the number of quit attempts and likelihood that quit attempts are supported. Emerging evidence suggests enhancing entry level education opportunities is one avenue to build capacity. Yet, in Canada we have limited knowledge of entry level health professional programming related to tobacco use and dependence content.

In 2013, Dr. Schultz in collaboration with The Oral and Systemic Health Working Group of the Interprofessional Education Initiative (IPE: http://umanitoba.ca/programs/interprofessional/) at the University of Manitoba began an initiative focused on an IPE experience addressing tobacco dependence and treatment. To supplement current practice guidelines and research evidence, we scanned curriculum content and development regarding tobacco dependence within the 13 IPE academic units at the University of Manitoba. We received a completed survey from 9 of the 13 academic units; a brief report will be forthcoming early 2015.

Youth Resolve to Remain Smoke-Free

Preventing youth uptake of smoking has been and continues to be a public health priority. Dr. Schultz successfully led two secondary analysis of the 2004/05 and 2006/07 Youth Smoking Survey (YSS); a bi-annual national survey of youth in Canada. In the 2004/05 YSS, youth in grades 5-9 were surveyed, and our analysis focused household factors associated with youth self-reported susceptibility to future smoking and current smoking behavior. The argument being that household socialization shapes their attitudes, and hence susceptibility towards future smoking. The household factors were parental and sibling smoking status, household bans, and exposure to smoking in vehicles. A series of secondary analysis were run using the 2006/07 YSS data. First, a subset of the 2006/07 YSS (grade 5-9 participants) replicated the 2004/05 YSS study. Next, two subsets of the 2006-07 YSS (grades 5-9 & grades 10-12 participants) compared variables in the household environment across the two age groups. See my publication list for related articles.

Equity and Social Justice within Tobacco Control

Reducing tobacco use amongst socially disadvantaged individuals is a public health priority. Socially disadvantaged individuals experience health inequities that are systematically associated with unequal opportunities (e.g., by virtue of being poor or a member of a marginalized group) that are deemed avoidable and unfair experiences. Emerging evidence suggests that First Nations Peoples, individuals with low incomes and mental health conditions and those living without a home suffer a disproportionate burden of tobacco-related disease. To effectively reduce tobacco-related health inequities, the adoption of a social justice/equity ‘lens’ will be required, which would result in the consideration of social conditions that contribute to and/or reinforce tobacco use amongst vulnerable populations. Dr. Schultz co-leading a novel environmental scan study to advance the evidence of how tobacco control initiatives address tobacco use amongst vulnerable populations through strategies that address root causes versus individual behavior change interventions. Dr. Schultz also led a study exploring tobacco dependence and cessation among people living with HIV/AIDS. Links below are for brief reports that highlight study outcomes, and see my publication list for related articles.

Exploring issues of equity within Canadian tobacco control initiatives: An environmental scan
Exploring Tobacco Dependence and Cessation Among People Living with HIV/AIDS

Peer Reviewed Publications

Kennedy, RD, Spafford, MM, Douglas, O, Brulé, J, Hammond, D, Fong, GT, Thompson, ME, Schultz, ASH (2014). Addressing Patient Tobacco Use in Optometric Practice: A Canadian Study. Optometry and Vision Science 91(7):769-77.

Rieger, K Schultz, ASH (2014) Exploring arts-based knowledge translation: Sharing research findings through performing the patterns, rehearsing the results, and staging the synthesis. Worldviews on Evidence-Based Nursing 11(2):133-9.

Schultz, ASH, Nowatzki, J, Ronson, G (2013) Household Socialization and Youth Susceptibility to Smoke: Differences between Youth Age Groups and Trends Overtime. American Journal of Public Health, 103(7): e 39-42.

Cohen, B, Schultz, A, McGibbon, E, VanderPlaat, M, Bassett, R, GermAnn, K, Beanland, H, Fuga, L, (2013) A Conceptual Framework of Organizational Capacity for Public Health Equity Action
Canadian Journal of Public Health, 104(3); e 262-266.

Schultz, ASH, Temple, B, Gibson, C, Prestion, J, Ronson, G (2013). Living with HIV and tobacco dependence: Listening to those who do and exploring their health care context. Journal of Association of Nurses in AIDS Care;01(3); 1-14.

Shopik, N.A., Schultz, A.S.H., Nykiforuk, C.J., Finegan, B., & Kvern, M. (2012). Impact of Smoke-Free
Hospital Policies: Patient Experiences and Perceptions Health Policy; 108(1): 93-98.

Schultz, ASH, Finegan, B, Nykiforuk, CIJ, Kvern, MA (2011). A qualitative investigation of smoke-free policies on hospital grounds. Canadian Medical Association journal:183(18): E1334-E3144

Spafford, M.M., Kennedy, R.D., Iley, M.D., & Schultz, A.S.H. (2011). Smoking and blindness: What optometrists want their patients to see. Canadian Journal of Optometry; 73(2): 25-38.

Kennedy, RD, Spafford, MM, Schultz, ASH, Iley, MD, Zawada, V. (2011). Smoking cessation referrals in optometric practice: A Canadian pilot study. Optometry and Vision Science; 88(6),766-71.

Johnson, J. L., Malchy, L. A., Ratner, P.A., Procyshyn, R. M., Bottorff, J. L., Groening, M., Schultz, A., Osborne, M. (2010) A profile of tobacco use among community dwelling people with serious mental illness. BMC Psychiatry, 10:101

Spafford, M.M., Iley, M.D., Schultz, A.S.H., & Kennedy, R.D. (2010) Tobacco dependence education in optometry: A Canadian pilot study assessing practices and opportunities. Optometric Education; 36(1): 38-44.

Schultz, ASH, Nowatzki, J, Dunn. DA, Griffith, EJ. (2010) Effects of household socialization on youth decisions to take up smoking: A secondary analysis of the 2004/05 Canadian Youth Smoking Survey. Chronic Diseases in Canada;30(3): 71-77.

Nowatzki, J, Schultz, ASH, Griffith, EJ. (2010) Household smoking socialization: Contextualized separately through parental and youth perceptions. Chronic Diseases in Canada;30(3), 78-84.

Schultz, ASH., Housain, S., Johnson, JL. (2009) Modeling influences on acute care nurses’ engagement in tobacco use reduction. Research in Nursing and Health, 32(6), 621-634

Johnson, J. L., Malchy, L. A., Ratner, P. A., Hossain, S., Procyshyn, R. M., Bottorff, J. L., Groening, M., Gibson, P., Osborne, M., Schultz A. (2009), Community Mental Healthcare Providers’ Attitudes and Practices Related to Smoking Cessation Interventions. Patient Education and Counselling, 77, 289-295.

Reimer Kirkham, S., Baumbusch, JL., Schultz, ASH., Anderson, JM. (2007). Knowledge development
and evidence-based practice: Insights and opportunities from a postcolonial feminist perspective for
transformative nursing practice. Advances in Nursing Science, 30, 26-40.

Leatherdale, S., Viehbeck, S., Murphy, C., Norman, C., Schultz, A. (2007). The tobacco control
community of tomorrow: A vision for training. Canadian Journal of Public Health, 98(1): 30-32.

Schultz, ASH., Johnson, JL., & Bottorff, JL. (2006). Registered nurses’ perspectives on tobacco
reduction: Views from Western Canada. Canadian Journal of Nursing Research, 38(4), 192-211.

Schultz, ASH., Bottorff, JL., Johnson, JL. (2006). Tobacco within acute care hospitals: An ethnographic
study of nurses’ workplace. Tobacco Control, 15(4):317-22.

Schultz, ASH. (2005). Tobacco reduction within the context of acute care hospitals. Oncology Nursing
Forum, 32(1), 171. (published abstract)

Schultz, ASH. (2005). Determinants of hospital nurses integration of tobacco reduction into practice: A
path analysis. Oncology Nursing Forum, 32(1), 199. (published abstract)

Schultz, ASH. (2003). Nursing and tobacco reduction: a review of the literature. International Journal of
Nursing Studies. 40(6), 571-586.

Thorne, S., Paterson, B., Russell, C., & Schultz, A. (2002). Complementary/alternative medicine for
chronic illness in self-care decision making context. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 39(7), 671-683.

Schultz, A. (2001). Commentary for the article titled: “Lay constructions of HIV and complementary
therapy use.” Evidence Based Nursing, 4, 61.

Schultz, A. (1995). What is health promotion? The Canadian Nurse, 91(7), 31-34.

Book Chapters

Schultz, A.S.H., Bottorff, J.L., & Barclay McKeowan, S. (2009). Nurses’ use of qualitative research approaches to investigate tobacco use and control. In L. Sarna & S. Bialous (Vol. Eds.), Annual review of nursing research: Advancing nursing science in tobacco control (Vol. 27, pp. 115-144). New York: Springer.

Reimer Kirkham, S., Baumbusch, JL., Schultz, ASH., Anderson, JM. (2008). Knowledge development
and evidence-based practice: Insights and opportunities from a postcolonial feminist perspective for
transformative nursing practice. In Perspectives on Nursing Theory 5th edition ed. P.G Reed & N.B.C.
Shearer. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

Practice and Policy Documents

Schultz ASH, Bartmanovich C, Snowball N, Kvern M, Finegan B, Nykiforuk CIJ, Ramsden V, Green M (2010). Exploring Tobacco Use Management Post-Implementation of Smoke Free Hospital Grounds Study (ETS): Reflecting on Enforcement and Compliance within this context.

Schultz, ASH, James, M, Ramsden, V, Green, M, Snowball, N, Bartmanovich, C. (2010). Exploring Tobacco Use Management on Psychiatric Units Post-Implementation of Smoke Free Hospital Grounds Study (ETS): Brief Report

Schultz, ASH, Oosterveen, J., Kvern, M., Nykiforuk, C., Finegan, B., Bartmanovich, C. (2009). The ETS
Project: Exploring the shifting culture surrounding tobacco use. Brief Report.

Schultz, ASH, Brown, J., Brewster, J., Compton, S., Hyndman, K., Tremblay, M., Fisher, K., Quinlan, B.
(2008). Canadian health professionals, health organizations, and tobacco control symposium. Final report.

College of Registered Nurses of British Columbia (2006). Entry-level Registered Nursing Practice:
Competencies and Context.

Registered Nurses Association of British Columbia (2001). The Profile. The practice of the newly
graduated registered nurse: What to reasonably expect?

Presentations

Provincial

Cohen, B, Schultz, ASH, Walsh, B Fuga, L (2010). Repositioning Tobacco Use as a Social Justice Issue. Nursing Research Seminar Series, Faculty of Nursing University of Manitoba.

Schultz, ASH (2010). Living with HIV/Aids; addressing tobacco use and dependence an emerging health priority Manitoba HIV/Aids Conference. Winnipeg, MB.

Schultz, ASH & Temple, B (2010). Living with HIV and tobacco use. Heart Song Retreat (for people living with HIV Aids). Winnipeg, MB

Schultz, ASH (2010). But its their right to smoke: Critically reflecting on the rights of smokers. Nursing Research Seminar Series, Faculty of Nursing University of Manitoba.

Schultz, ASH (2010). Managing tobacco use during hospitalization: Listening to patient and health provider experiences of enacting a smoke-free grounds policy. Nursing Research Seminar Series, Faculty of Nursing University of Manitoba.

Schultz, ASH (2008). A brief look at the changing tobacco control landscape of Manitoba. MANTRA
Annual General Meeting, Winnipeg, MB

Schultz, ASH (2007). Enhancing Canadian health professionals’ role in addressing tobacco use:
Practitioners, their organizations and tobacco control Brief overview of service and research activities.
MANTRA Annual General Meeting, Winnipeg, MB.

Schultz, ASH. (2004). Tobacco use within the context of acute care hospitals. Social Contexts: New
Frontiers in Health Behaviour Research: Vancouver, BC.

Schultz, ASH. (2004). Acute care registered nurses’ engagement in tobacco reduction: Research results.
Prince George, BC.

National

Cohen, B, Schultz, ASH, Walsh, B Fuga, L (2010). Repositioning Tobacco Use as a Social Justice Issue. Canadian Public Health Association Conference, Toronto, ON (Poster)

Cohen, B, Schultz, ASH, Walsh, B (2009). Exploring issues of equity within Canadian tobacco control
initiatives: An environmental scan. NCTH; Montreal, QB

Nowatzki, J, Griffith, J, Schultz, ASH, McArthus, A (2009). Prevent youth smoking before it starts:
Alterable factors related to youth susceptibility to smoking. NCTH; Montreal, QB

Schultz, ASH, Grant, LG, Green M, Ramsden, V, Snowball, N (2009). Contextualizing tobacco use
within mental health care services; evidence from multiple perspectives. NCTH, Montreal, QB

Schultz, ASH, Kvern, M, Oosterveen, J, Nykiforuk, C, Finegan, B (2009). Policy as population health
intervention: evaluating the smoke-free hospital grounds policies. NCTH; Montreal, QB

Kennedy, R, Schultz, ASH, Spadford, M, Itley, M (2009). Smoking Cessation Referrals and Optometrists:
Assessing Practices and Opportunities in Canada. NCTH; Montreal, QB

Schultz, ASH, Robinson, S, Kaufman, P. (2007). Tobacco cessation in the 21st century – Synergy and
dialogue among research, policy and practice arena individuals. Sponsored 2 hour session by the Annual
Invitational Symposium for Research to Inform Tobacco Control. NCTH; Edmonton, AB.

Schultz, ASH., Brewster, J., Tremblay, M., Hyndman, K., Compton, S., Quinlan, B. & Fisher, K. (2007).
Canadian Health Professionals, Health Organizations and Tobacco Control Pre-conference Symposium:
Outcomes, Actions and Dialogue (2 hour session). NCTH; Edmonton, AB

Dunn, DA, Schultz, ASH, Nowatzki, J, Griffith, J. (2007) Understanding youth decision to remain smoke
free: The influence of household socialization. NCTH; Edmonton, AB

Nowatzki, J, Schultz, ASH, Griffith, J, Dunn, DA. (2007) Household smoking socialization:
Contextualized through parental and youth perceptions. NCTH; Edmonton, AB.

Schultz, ASH (2007). Enhancing Canadian health professionals’ role in addressing tobacco use:
Practitioners, their organizations and tobacco control. 2nd Annual Meeting of the Canadian Network of
Smokers’ Helplines. Ottawa

Schultz, ASH (2007). Tobacco Control: A Role for Nurses and their Organizations. Sault Sainte Marie
College; School of Nursing & at Sault Area Hospital. Sault Sainte Marie, ON. January

Schultz, ASH. & Hyndman, K. (2006) Is timing everything? Mapping hospital-based nurses’ utilization of
time in managing patients’ tobacco use. 3rd Annual Invitational Symposium for Research to Inform
Tobacco Control. Toronto: November.

Schultz, ASH., Brewster, J., Tremblay, M., Hyndman, K., Compton, S., Victor, C., Sui, E. & Green, M.
(2006). Canadian health professionals and tobacco control: Enhancing their role; Vision and actions over
the last year. 3rd Annual Invitational Symposium for Research to Inform Tobacco Control. Toronto:
November.

Schultz, ASH. (2006) Nurses’ role and the importance of organizational and policy support. Health Care
Settings and Smoking Cessation: resources to support the implementation of the RNAO smoking
cessation guideline. Toronto East General Hospital; Toronto: October.

Viebeck, S., Leatherdale, S., Murphy, C., Norman, C., & Schultz, A.. (2005, June). The tobacco control
community of tomorrow: A vision for training. National Conference on Tobacco or Health. Ottawa, ON.
(poster presentation/hosted reception for CIHR Transdisciplinary Tobacco Research Training Program).

Schultz, ASH. (2005). Acute care RN’s practice and tobacco reduction: A mixed methods study.
University of Manitoba, Faculty of Nursing: Winnipeg, MB.

Schultz, ASH. (2003). Exploring nurses’ integration of tobacco reduction into daily practice. CIHR
Second Training Program in Tobacco Research Annual Meeting. Toronto, ON.

Black, EJ., Schultz ASH. (2003). The practice of newly graduated registered nurses: What to reasonably
expect. Canadian Association of Schools of Nursing Conference. Halifax, NB.

Schultz, ASH. & Johnson, JL. (2002). Rights discourse and the construction of social responsibility. 6th
National Health Promotion Conference. Victoria, BC.

Schultz, A. (2001). Musings about narratives, voices and research. 2nd Advances in Qualitative Methods
Conference. Edmonton, AB.

International

Shopik, N., Schultz, ASH, Finegan, B, Nykiforuk, CIJ, Kvern, M (2010). Patient perspectives of tobacco use management in smoke free grounds hospitals. Qualitative Health Research Conference, Vancouver, B.C.

Schultz, ASH, Kvern, M, Nykiforuk, CIJ, Finegan, B, Oosterveen, J (2010). Patient and health provider
stories of tobacco use and prohibiting smoking on hospital property. 16th International Conference on
Cancer Nursing. Atlanta Georgia, USA March

Schultz, ASH, Nykiforuk, CIJ, Finegan, B, Kvern, M, Oosterveen, J (2010). But it’s their right to smoke:
Critically reflecting on the rights of smokers 16th International Conference on Cancer Nursing. Atlanta
Georgia, USA March

Schultz, ASH, Finegan, B, Nykiforuk, CIJ, Kvern, M, Oosterveen, J (2010). Multiple perspectives of
addressing nicotine dependence and withdrawal during hospitalization 16th International Conference on
Cancer Nursing. Atlanta Georgia, USA March

Schultz, ASH., Housain, S., & Johnson, JL (2009). Investigating nurses’ involvement in addressing
patients’ tobacco use 14th World Conference on Tobacco or Health. Mumbai, India

Schultz, ASH., Fleet, C. & Brown, J. (2009). How the research community is missing opportunities to
support health practitioners in addressing patients’ tobacco use: A critical review of how health
practitioners are being studied. 14th World Conference on Tobacco or Health. Mumbai, India

Schultz, ASH (2008) Mixed methods research: Reflecting on yield. Pre-conference symposium: Society
for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco. Portland, Oregon: February.

Schultz, ASH (2007) Is there a future for rights-based positions within developed countries’ tobacco
control strategies? American Public Health Annual Meeting; Washington, DC: November

Schultz, ASH, Johnson, Jl, Malchy L, Ratner, PA, Bottorff, JL, Procysyh, R, Gibson, P, Osborne M, Groening, M,
Tognazzini, P. (2007). Mental Health Care Provider’s Perspectives on Client Tobacco Use:
Perceptions from Community Settings. Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco. Austin, Texas:
February

Schultz, ASH. & Hyndman, K. (2006) Is timing everything? Mapping hospital-based nurses’ utilization of
time in managing patients’ tobacco use. 13th World Conference on Tobacco or Health; Washington, DC
July

Schultz, ASH. (2005). Tobacco reduction within the context of acute care hospitals. Eighth National
Conference on Cancer Research: Fort Lauderdale, FL.

Schultz, ASH. (2005). Determinants of hospital nurses integration of tobacco reduction into practice: A
path analysis. Eighth National Conference on Cancer Research: Fort Lauderdale, FL (poster).

Schultz, ASH. (2003). Hospital nurses’ engagement in tobacco reduction. 12th World Conference on
Tobacco or Health. Helsinki, Finland.

Schultz, ASH., Johnson, JL. (2003). The influence of rights-based arguments within tobacco control. 12th
World Conference on Tobacco or Health. Helsinki, Finland. (Poster)

Schultz, ASH. (2002) Tobacco use: An ongoing concern in the 21st century. 13th International Nursing
Research Congress. Brisbane, Australia.

Schultz, A. (2000). Experienced smokers’ views on smoking and stopping. 11th World Conference on
Tobacco or Health (poster presentation). Chicago, IL.


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2013 Dr. Lester Janoff Award for Writing Excellence from the Association of Schools and Colleges of Optometry; article reference: Spafford, M.M., Iley, M.D., Schultz, A.S.H., & Kennedy, R.D. (2010). Tobacco dependence education in optometry: A Canadian pilot study assessing practices and opportunities. Optometric Education, 36, 38-44

2010: University of Manitoba (UM) and University of Manitoba Faculty Association Merit Award; Research and Scholarship in the Sciences category

2010: Rh Award, for outstanding contribution to scholarship and research in the health science; UM

2003/2005 – Research Fellowship, Canadian Institute of Health Research, Health Services & Policy Research Institute ($115,000)

2003/2004 2004/2005 – Fellowship top-up award, Strategic Training Program in Tobacco Research ($4,000)

2000/2001 2001/2002 2002/2003 – Nurse Research Fellowship, Heart & Stroke Foundation, Canada ($78,000)

2000/2001 – University Graduate Fellowship (declined due to Heart & Stroke Fellowship) ($16,000)

1999/2000 – Pre-Doctoral Fellowship, BC Medical Services Foundation ($17,000)

1999/2000 2000/2001 – Canadian Nurses Foundation & Canadian Health Services Joint Training Award ($10,000)

1998 – BC Medical Services Foundation Summer Research Scholarships for Graduate Students in the Health Sciences ($5,000)

1997/1998 1996/1997 – Gertrude Helen Robertson Graduate Scholarship ($2,600)

1995/1996 – Women’s Auxiliary Bursary, Greater Victoria Hospital System ($750)

Operating Grant

2014-2018: CIHR Aboriginal People’s Health Institue: $709,987
Title: Diversifying our Ways of Understanding Heart Health among First Nations People in Manitoba: A Mixed Methods Study Governed by a Two-Eyed Seeing Approach
PI: Dr ASH Schultz
Co-Applicants: Ms. K Throndson; Drs.; R Brownlie, C Cook, R Fransoo, F Hussain, A Katz, E McGibbon, T Nguyen, and J Sawatzky

2014-2015: CIHR Planning Grant: $25,000
Title: Strengthen organizational capacity for public health equity action: Developing a research agenda
PI: Dr. Benita Cohen
Co-is: Drs. Chircop, Collins, McGibbon, Schultz & VanderPlaat

2013-2014: CIHR Planning Grant: $25,000
Title: Diversifying our Ways of Knowing Cardiovascular Health among First Nations People in Manitoba; Cross-sectorial Collaboration for Advancing the base of Evidence
PIs: Dr. ASH Schultz (nominated); Ms. K: Throndson
Co-Investigator: Dr. M. Anderson, Dr. C. Cook, Dr. F. Hussain, Dr. E. McGibbon, and Dr. J. Sawatzky

2013-2014: Health Science Centre Foundation (Winnipeg, MB): $10,127
Title: Exploring vicarious traumatization in health professionals working with people living with HIV
PI: Dr. Elaine Mordoch
Co-applicants: Dr. A Schultz, and Ms. A Chalmers-Jutsl

2012-2013: Subvention du Consortium national de formation en santé (CNFS): $14, 955
Title: Collaboration interdisciplinaire : l’expérience d’intégration d’un nouveau rôle dans un centre de santé primaire francophone en situation minoritaire.
PI: Dr. Danielle de Moissac
Co-Applicants: Ms. L Prairie and Dr. A Schultz

2012- 2013: Pfizer Canada: $81,067
Title: Evaluating the Implementation of a Nicotine Withdrawal Management Intervention in an Acute Care Setting
PI: Dr. ASH Schultz
Co-Investigators: Mr. Thurmeier, Dr. Sawatzky, and Dr. Guzman

2011-2012: Health Canada Federal Tobacco Control Strategy: $169,013
Title: A New Focus On Tobacco Use Prevention & Cessation – Engaging the Canadian Optometry Community
Principal Investigator: Dr. Ryan Kennedy
Co-investigators: Drs. Spafford, Schultz, Fong, Hammond, Brule, Thompson

2010-2011: Health Science Centre Foundation (Winnipeg, MB): $7,068
Title: Tobacco dependence and cessation among people living with HIV/AIDS
PI: Dr. ASH Schultz
Co-Applicants: Dr. B Temple and Ms. J. Preston

2010-2011 CIHR Catalyst grant, Health Equity: $73,228
Advancing the evidence to build a research program for developing Public Health capacity to promote health equity
PI: Dr. B Cohen
Co-Applicants: Drs. Schultz, McGibbon, VanderPlaat, and Bassett

2009-2010 Canadian Tobacco Control Research Initiative (CTCRI) Idea Grant: $49,608
Exploring issues of equity within Canadian tobacco control initiatives: An environmental scan
Principal Investigators: Drs. Cohen and Schultz
Co-Investigator: Mr. Walsh

2009-2010 CTCRI Fast Track Policy Grant; $72,008
Exploring the shifting culture surrounding tobacco use on in-patient psychiatric units post-implementation of smoke-free hospital grounds policies
Principal Investigator: Dr. Schultz
Co-Investigators: Mr. Grant, Ms. Snowball, Dr. Ramsden, and Ms. Green

2008-2009 CTCRI Fast Track Policy Grant: $79,990
Patient and practitioner experiences of managing tobacco use post-implementation of a hospital smoke-free ground policy: Exploring the shifting culture of tobacco control in hospital settings.
Principal Investigator: Dr. Schultz
Co-Investigators: Drs. Nykiforuk and Finegan, Ms. Kvern.

2007-2011 CIHR Operating Grant: $397,452
An Ethnographic Study of Adolescents’ Conceptualization of Cancer and Cancer Prevention: Framing Cancer and Cancer Prevention within the Life-Situations of Adolescents
Principal Investigator Dr. Woodgate
Co-Investigators Drs. Haalas and Schultz

2006-2007: Health Canada Contract; $9698.
Secondary analysis of the 2004 National Youth Smoking Survey
Principal Investigator: Dr. Schultz
Co-Investigators: Dr. Griffith; Ms. Dunn & Ms. Nowatzki.

2005-2007: NCIC operating grant; year 1 $212,645; year 2 $146,815
Understanding tobacco use in the context of severe and persistent mental illness
Principal Investigator: Dr. Johnson
Co-Investigators: Drs. Ratner and Bottorff
Research Associates: Drs. Procyshyn, Gibson, Osborne, Schultz; Ms Groening, Ms. Tognazzini.

Planning Grants

2010-2011: CIHR ‘Operating Grant: Programmatic Grants in Health and Health Equity’ Letter of Intent submitted: $13,535.
Strengthening Public Health Capacity for Action to Achieve Health Equity
Nominated PI: Dr. Benita Cohen
Co-Applicants: Drs. Schultz, McGibbon, VanderPlaat, and Bassett

2009-2010: CTCRI Planning Grant: $14,500
A survey of health professionals’ training in tobacco reduction counselling on the Canadian prairies
Principal Investigator: Dr Hyndman
Co-Investigators: Mr. Francispillai, Ms. Kvern, Drs. Patterson, Schultz, Taylor & Thomas, Ms. Bradley and Ms. Hoysak

2009: Interdisciplinary Capacity Enhancement (ICE) Seed Grant (Dr. McDonald PI): $5000.
Title: Exploring the shifting culture surrounding tobacco use on in-patient psychiatric units post implementation of smoke-free
hospital grounds policies: rural and remote perspectives.
Principal Investigator: Mr. Grant, Doctoral Student Univeristy of British Columbia School of Nursing
Co-Investigators: Dr. Schultz; Ms. McCaig

2009: Canadian Action Network for the Advancement, Dissemination and Adoption of Practice-informed Tobacco Treatment
(CAN-ADAPTT) (Dr. Peter Selby, PI) Seed Grant: $5,000
Smoking Cessation Referrals and Optometrists -Assessing Practices and Opportunities in Canada
Principal Investigator: Mr. Ryan Kennedy Doctoral Student University of Waterloo
Co-Investigators: Drs Schultz and Spafford, and Mr. Iley

2009: CTCRI Planning Grant: $14,500
A survey of health professionals’ training in tobacco reduction counselling on the Canadian prairies
Principal Investigator: Dr Hyndman
Co-Investigators: Mr. Francispillai, Ms. Kvern, Drs. Patterson, Schultz, Taylor & Thomas, Ms. Bradley and Ms. Hoysak

2007-2008: ICE Seed Grant (Dr. McDonald PI): $5000.
Exploring Health care provider attitudes and behavioral changes resulting from smoke-free policies implemented in mental
health/psychiatric settings.
Principal Investigator: Dr. Schultz
Co-Investigators: Mr. Grant, Ms. Maloff, Ms. Snowball, Ms. McGee, Dr. Casebeer & Ms. Green

2006-2008: CTCRI: $14,876.
Health Practitioners’ Role in Tobacco Reduction: Theoretical Development of a Multi-level Behavioral Model.
Principal Investigator: Dr. Schultz
Co-Invesitgaotrs: Drs. Brewster, Tremblay, Compton, Hyndman & Degner.

2006-2007: ICE Seed Grant (Dr. McDonald, PI): $5000.
Canadian Health Professionals and Tobacco control: Enhancing their Role
Principal Investigator: Dr. Schultz
Co-Invesitgaotrs: Drs. Brewster, Tremblay, Compton, Yang, Hyndman; Mr. Victor, Mr Sui, Ms. Green

Training Grants

2009-2015: CIHR Strategic Training Initiative in Health Research; $1,950,000
Population Intervention for Chronic Disease Prevention: A Pan-Canadian Program
Principal Applicant: Dr. Roy Cameron
Co-Principal Applicants: Drs. Ferrence; Gotay; Raine, Plotnikoff, & Riley
Co-Applicants: Geoff Fong, Paul McDonald, Larry Frank, Paul Veugelers, Steve Brown, Sharon Campbell, Richard Cook,
John McLaughlin, Cameron Wild, Joanna Cohen, Steve Manske, Scott Leatherdale, Mary Thompson, Candace Nykiforuk,
Anindya Sen, Jennifer O’Loughlin, Donna Murnaghan, Anne Lavack, William Morrison, David Hammond, Annette Schultz,
Bernard Le Foll, Joan Brewster, Anita Kothari, Warren Foster, Catherine Sabiston, Pamela Ratner, Ann Royer,
Derek van der Kooy, Guy Faulkner, Allan Best, Chris Richardson, Gwenneth Chapman, Sara Kirk, Kitty Corbett, Miriam Rosin,
Joan Wharf Higgins, Jill Grant, Rachel Tyndale, Cameron Norman, Michael Brauer, Benedikt Fischer, Chris Blanchard,
Catherine Schryer, Murray Haight, Daniel Robinson, Renee Lyons, Tanya Berry, Susan Bondy, Alison Holloway, Jane Law,
Joan Bottorff, Prabhat Jha, Tracie Barnett, Ronald Buliung, Arto Ohinmaa, Robert Sparks, Timothy Dewhirst

Workshop Grants

2007-2008: Alberta Cancer Board Workshop Grant; $50,000.
Canadian Health Professionals, Health Organizations and Tobacco Control
Principal Investigator: Dr. Schultz
Co-Investigators: Drs Brewster, Compton, Hyndman, Tremblay, & Ms Fisher, Ms Quinlan.

2007: Health Canada Workshop Travel Grant; $35,000.
Canadian Health Professionals, Health Organizations and Tobacco Control
Principal Investigator: Dr. Schultz
Co-Investigators: Drs Brewster, Compton, Hyndman, Tremblay, & Ms Fisher, Ms Quinlan.

2007: CTCRI Workshop Grant; $15,000.
Canadian Health Professionals, Health Organizations and Tobacco Control
Principal Investigator: Dr. Schultz
Co-Investigators: Drs Brewster, Compton, Hyndman, Tremblay, & Ms Fisher, Ms Quinlan.

2007: ICE (Dr. Paul McDonald PI) Workshop Grant; $5,000.
Canadian Health Professionals, Health Organizations and Tobacco Control
Principal Investigator: Dr. Schultz
Co-Investigators: Drs Brewster, Compton, Hyndman, Tremblay, & Ms Fisher, Ms Quinlan.

2007: Alberta Drug and Alcohol Comission Workshop Grant; $10,000.
Canadian Health Professionals, Health Organizations and Tobacco Control
Principal Investigator: Dr. Schultz
Co-Investigators: Drs Brewster, Compton, Hyndman, Tremblay, & Ms Fisher, Ms Quinlan.

2007: CIHR funded Strategic Training Program in Tobacco Research (Student bursaries): $7000.
Canadian Health Professionals, Health Organizations and Tobacco Control
Principal Investigator: Dr. Schultz
Co-Investigators: Drs Brewster, Compton, Hyndman, Tremblay, & Ms Fisher, Ms Quinlan.

Fellowship Grant

2009: Government of Canada International Scholarship Program: Graduate Students’ Exchange Program;
funded by Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada and administered by the Canadian Bureau for International
Education: $9,880.00.
Supervisors: Drs. Schultz and Scanlan
Doctoral student from Havana Cuba: Aliel Garcia (4 month fellowship in Canada 01-04/ 2009)
Topic Area: Tobacco Control; Adolescent Health; Health Promotion; Health Professionals

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